Prostrate cancer

Prostate Cancer:

About Prostate Gland

The Prostate Gland is an important part of the male reproductive organ.It helps to make and store the seminal fluid.It is present in the pelvic region and situated under the urinary bladder.Because of its location,any abnormality of the Prostrate leads to affect the urination and ejaculation.In the prostrate Cancer,the cells of the prostrate gland convert in Cancer cells.For the optimal function of the prostrate,male hormones called androgen’s are required.These androgens which include testosterone,dehydroapiandrostero are produced in the testes and the adrenal glands respectively are converted into testosterone within the prostrate itself.

Cancer of Prostrate:

In the initial stages,the Cancer develops in the Prostrate gland and later metastasize to bones and lymph nodes.The symptoms of this disease may be pain and difficulty in urinating,problems during sexual intercourse and erectile dysfunction.In the later stages of the disease other symptoms are seen.
Though Prostrate Cancer is common in many males above the age of 50,many never undergo any treatment because they donot show any symptoms and eventually die of other causes like heart disease,pneumonia and old age.
There are many factors which affect the Prostrate Cancer.The important factors are diet and genetics.The diagnosis of the Prostrate Cancer may be done by looking at the symptoms,physical examination,biopsy or the prostrates specific antigen test.Tests including CT scans and bone scares are used to determine how far the Cancer has spread.

Treatment:

The treatment options available for Prostrate Cancer are surgery and radiation therapy.Hormone therapy,chemo therapy,proton therapy,cryosurgery are also used in combinations according the stage and the requirement of the Cancer.The general health of the patient,the extent of the metastasis,response of the Cancer to the initial treatment are important in determining the out come of the disease.
The most common prognosis system is the four-stage TNM system(tumor,nodes,metastasis).In the TNM system,T1 and T2 cancer are found only in the Prostrate,while T3 and T4 have spread elsewhere.Several tests like computed tomography and bone scans are used to evaluate the spread of the cancer to various regions of the body like:pelvis,bones,seminal vesicles etc.
After the biopsy,grading of the tumor is done depending on how much the tumor tissue differs from the normal prostrate tissue and how fast the tumor is likely to grow.Since the grade of the tumor is the major factor used to determine the treatment,proper grading of the tumor is of much significance.
Advanced Prostrate Cancer can cause pain in the bones especially spine,pelvis and ribs.